Cedric Hardwicke PictureSir Cedric Webster Hardwicke (19 February 1893 – 6 August 1964) was an English stage and film actor whose career spanned nearly fifty years. His theatre work included notable performances in productions of the plays of Shakespeare and Shaw, and his film work included leading roles in a number of adapted literary classics.

Filmography
 
Nelson (1926) as Horatio Nelson (film debut)
 
Dreyfus (1931) as Capt. Alfred Dreyfus
 
Rome Express (1932) as Alistair McBane
 
The Ghoul (1933) as Broughton
 
Orders Is Orders (1934) as Brigadier
 
Bella Donna (1934)
 
Nell Gwyn (1934) as Charles II
 
The Lady Is Willing (1934) as Gustav Dupont
 
Jew Süss (1934) as Rabbi Gabriel
 
The King of Paris (1934) as Max Till
 
Nyomorultak – Les Misérables (1935) as Bishop Bienvenu
 
Becky Sharp (1935) as Marquis of Steyne
 
Peg of Old Drury (1935) as David Garrick
 
Things to Come (1936) as Theotocopulos
 
Tudor Rose (1936) as Earl of Warwick
 
Laburnum Grove (1936) as Mr. Baxley
 
Green Light (1937) as Dean Harcourt
 
King Solomon’s Mines (1937) as Allan Quatermain
 
On Borrowed Time (1939) as Mr. Brink
 
Stanley and Livingstone (1939) as Dr. David Livingstone
 
A Notre Dame-i toronyőr (The Hunchback of Notre Dame) (1939) as Judge Jean Frollo
 
The Invisible Man Returns (1940) as Richard Cobb
 
Tom Brown’s School Days (1940) as Dr. Thomas Arnold
 
The Howards of Virginia (1940) as Fleetwood Peyton
 
Victory (1940) as Mr. Jones
 
Sundown (1941) as Bishop Coombes
 
Suspicion (1941) as General McLaidlaw
 
Valley of the Sun (1942) as Lord Warrick
 
The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942) as Ludwig Frankenstein/Henry Frankenstein
 
Invisible Agent (1942) as Conrad Stauffer
 
Commandos Strike at Dawn (1942) as Admiral Bowen
 
Forever and a Day (1943) as Mr. Dabb
 
The Moon Is Down (1943) as Col. Lanser
 
The Cross of Lorraine (1943) as Father Sebastian
 
The Lodger (1944) as Robert Bonting
 
Wilson (1944) as Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
 
Wing and a Prayer (1944) as Admiral
 
Three Sisters of the Moors (1944, short) as Reverend Bronte
 
The Keys of the Kingdom (1944) as Monsignor at Tweedside
 
The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945) as Narrator
 
Sentimental Journey (1946) as Dr. Jim Miller
 
Beware of Pity (1946) as Dr. Albert Condor
 
Nicholas Nickleby (1947) as Ralph Nickleby
 
The Imperfect Lady (1947) as Lord Belmont
 
Ivy (1947) as Police Inspector Orpington
 
Lured (1947) as Julian Wilde
 
Tycoon (1947) as Alexander
 
A Woman’s Vengeance (1948) as Dr. James Libbard
 
Song of My Heart (1948) as Grand Duke
 
I Remember Mama (1948) as Mr. Hyde
 
The Winslow Boy (1948) as Arthur Winslow
 
A kötél (Rope) (1948) as Henry Kentley
 
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1949) as Lord Pendragon / King Arthur
 
Now Barabbas (1949) as Governor
 
The White Tower (1950) as Dr. Nicholas Radcliffe
 
You Belong to My Heart (1951) as Bernand
 
The Desert Fox (1951) as Dr. Karl Strolin
 
The Green Glove (1952) as Father Goron
 
Caribbean Gold (1952) as Captain Francis Barclay
 
Botany Bay (1953) as Gov. Phillips
 
Salome (1953) as Tiberius Caesar
 
The War of the Worlds (1953) as Commentary (voice)
 
Bait (1954) as Prologue Speaker
 
Richard III (1955) as King Edward IV of England
 
Diane (1956) as Ruggieri
 
Helen of Troy (1956) as Priam
 
Gaby (1956) as Mr. Edgar Carrington
 
The Vagabond King (1956) as Tristan
 
The Power and the Prize (1956) as Mr. Carew
 
The Ten Commandments (1956) as Sethi
 
Around the World in 80 Days (1956) as Sir Francis Cromarty
 
The Story of Mankind (1957) as High Judge
 
Baby Face Nelson (1957) as Doc Saunders
 
Five Weeks in a Balloon (1962) as Fergusson
 
The Pumpkin Eater (1964) as Mr. James – Jo’s father (final film role)

Early life
 
Hardwicke was born in Lye, West Midlands, to Dr Edwin Webster Hardwicke and his wife, Jessie (née Masterson). He attended Bridgnorth Grammar School in Shropshire, after which he intended to train as a doctor but failed to pass the necessary examinations. He turned to the theatre and trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA).
 
Military service
 
Hardwicke enlisted at the outbreak of the First World War. He served from 1914 to 1921 as an officer in the Judge Advocate’s branch of the British Army in France. He was one of the last members of the British Expeditionary Force to leave France.
 
Career
Stage
 
Hardwicke made his first appearance on stage at the Lyceum Theatre, London, in 1912 during the run of Frederick Melville’s melodrama The Monk and the Woman, when he took over the part of Brother John. During that year he was at Her Majesty’s Theatre understudying, and subsequently appeared at the Garrick Theatre in Charles Klein’s play Find the Woman, and Trust the People. In 1913 he joined Benson’s Company and toured in the provinces, South Africa and Rhodesia. During 1914 he toured with Miss Darragh (Letitia Marion Dallas, d. 1917) in Laurence Irving’s play The Unwritten Law, and he appeared at the Old Vic in 1914 as Malcolm in Macbeth, Tranio in The Taming of the Shrew, and the gravedigger in Hamlet, among other roles.
After his service in the British Army in WWI, he resumed his acting career. In January 1922 he joined the Birmingham Repertory Company, playing a range of parts from the drooping young lover Faulkland in The Rivals to the roistering Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night.
He played many classical roles on stage, appearing at London’s top theatres, making his name on the stage performing works by George Bernard Shaw, who said that Hardwicke was his fifth favourite actor after the four Marx Brothers. As one of the leading Shavian actors of his generation, Hardwicke starred in such works as Caesar and Cleopatra, Pygmalion, The Apple Cart, Candida, Too True to Be Good, and Don Juan in Hell, making such an impression that at age 41 he became the youngest actor to be knighted[5] (this occurred in the 1934 New Year’s Honours; Laurence Olivier subsequently took the record in 1947 when he was knighted at the age of 40). Other stage successes included The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse, Antigone and A Majority of One, winning a Tony Award nomination for his performance as a Japanese diplomat.
In 1928, while appearing with Edith Day, Paul Robeson and Alberta Hunter in the London production of “Showboat”, he married actress Helena Pickard.
In December 1935, Hardwicke was elected Rede Lecturer to Cambridge University for 1936, he took as his subject “The Drama Tomorrow”. In the late 1930s, he moved to the US, initially for film work (see below). In the early 1940s he continued his stage career, touring and in New York.
In 1944 Hardwicke returned to Britain, again touring, and reappeared on the London stage, at the Westminster Theatre, on 29 March 1945, as Richard Varwell in a revival of Eden and Adelaide Phillpotts’ comedy, Yellow Sands, and subsequently toured in this on the continent. He returned to America late in 1945 and appeared with Ethel Barrymore in December in a revival of Shaw’s Pygmalion, and continued on the New York stage the following year. In 1946, he starred opposite Katharine Cornell as King Creon in her production of Jean Anouilh’s adaptation of the Greek tragedy Antigone.
In 1948 he joined the Old Vic Company at the New Theatre to play Sir Toby Belch, Doctor Faustus, and Gaev in The Cherry Orchard, but, according to the critic and biographer W. A. Darlington, “it was about this time that he confessed to a friend that he was finding the competition in London too hot for him”, and he moved permanently to the US.[8] In 1951–52, he appeared on Broadway in Shaw’s Don Juan in Hell with Agnes Moorehead, Charles Boyer and Charles Laughton.
Film and TV work
 
Hardwicke’s first appearance in a British film was in 1931, and from the late 1930s he was in great demand in Hollywood. He played David Livingstone opposite Spencer Tracy’s Henry Morton Stanley in Stanley and Livingstone in 1939, and also played Judge Jean Frollo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame that same year. In 1940 he played Mr Jones in a screen version of Joseph Conrad’s novel Victory. He starred in The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942), as the unfortunate Ludwig von Frankenstein, alongside Lon Chaney Jr. and Bela Lugosi.
 
Hardwicke played in such films as Les Misérables (1935), King Solomon’s Mines (1937), The Keys of the Kingdom (1944), The Winslow Boy (1948), Alfred Hitchcock’s Rope (1948), and Olivier’s Richard III (1955). He was also featured as King Arthur in the comedy/musical, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1949), singing Busy Doing Nothing in a trio with Bing Crosby and William Bendix, and as the Pharaoh Sethi in Cecil B. DeMille’s 1956 film The Ten Commandments.
He appeared in a 1956 episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents entitled Wet Saturday in which he portrayed Mr. Princey, an aristocratic gentleman who tries to cover up a murder to avoid public scandal. On 6 March 1958, he guest-starred on NBC’s country variety series, The Ford Show, starring Tennessee Ernie Ford.[10] During the 1961–62 television season, Hardwicke starred as Professor Crayton in Gertrude Berg’s sitcom Mrs. G. Goes to College, which ran for twenty-six weeks on CBS. The storyline had Berg attending college as a 62-year-old widowed freshman studying under Hardwicke, with whom she had previously acted. Earlier, Hardwicke had guest-starred on the Howard Duff and Ida Lupino CBS sitcom Mr. Adams and Eve. He starred in The Twilight Zone episode Uncle Simon that first aired 15 November 1963. His final acting role was in The Outer Limits in the episode “The Forms of Things Unknown”.
 
Radio
 
Hardwicke played the title role in a short-lived revival of the Bulldog Drummond radio programme on the Mutual Broadcasting System. It ran 3 January 1954 – 28 March 1954.
 
Personal
 
In 1928, he married the English actress Helena Pickard. They divorced in 1948. Their son was actor Edward Hardwicke. His second marriage, which also produced one child and ended in divorce, was to Mary Scott (1921-2009), from 1950 to 1961.
Death
 
A lifelong heavy smoker, he suffered from emphysema and died 6 August 1964 at the age of 71 in New York from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Legacy
 
Hardwicke left two volumes of memoirs: Let’s Pretend: Recollections and Reflections of a Lucky Actor, 1932 and A Victorian in Orbit: as told to James Brough, 1962. He is commemorated by a sculpture by Tim Tolkien at Lye, commissioned by the Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. The memorial takes the form of a giant filmstrip, the illuminated cut metal panels illustrating scenes from some of Hardwicke’s best-known roles, which include The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Things to Come, and The Ghost of Frankenstein. It was unveiled in November 2005 and is located at Lye Cross where he lived as a child. Thorns School and Community College in neighbouring Quarry Bank has renamed its drama theatre in his honour, as the Hardwicke Theatre.
 
The following quotes, among others, are attributed to him:
“I can’t act. I have never acted. And I shall never act. What I can do is suspend my audience’s power of judgement till I’ve finished.”
 
“I believe that God felt sorry for actors, so he created Hollywood to give them a place in the sun and a swimming pool. The price they had to pay was to surrender their talent.”
“Actors and burglars work better at night.”
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